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|Title:||Factors associated with the implementation of COVID-19 health protocols among Indonesian older adults living in rural areas: A cross-sectional study|
perceived behavioral control
theory of planned behavior
|Abstract:||Factors associated with the implementation of COVID-19 health protocols among Indonesian older adults living in rural areas: A cross-sectional study Nurul Maurida 1,* , Prestasianita Putri 1, Wike Rosalini 1 1 Faculty of Nursing, Universitas dr. Soebandi Jember, Indonesia *Correspondence: Nurul Maurida. Address: dr. Soebandi Street, No.99, Jember, East Java 68111, Indonesia. Email: email@example.com Responsible Editor: Gading Ekapuja Aurizki Received: 16 April 2022 ○ Revised: 28 April 2022 ○ Accepted: 28 April 2022 ABSTRACT Introduction: Implementing health protocols became a challenge for older adults living in rural area. This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing implementation of COVID-19 health protocols among elderly in rural areas based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Methods: This study used an explanatory survey with cross-sectional approach. The sample consisted of 100 older adults who resided in rural areas. Data were collected using the TPB questionnaire and COVID-19 health protocol questionnaire, both have 21 items. The data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate analysis. Bivariate analysis used Pearson correlation, Chi-square test, and Fisher’s exact test. Multivariate analysis used multiple linear regression with a level of significance = 0.05. The independent variables were attitude toward behavior, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control while the dependent variable was the implementation of COVID-19 health protocols. Results: Gender (p < 0.001), age (p < 0.001), employment status (p < 0.001), attitude toward behavior (p < 0.001), subjective norm (p < 0.001) and perceived behavioral control (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with the implementation of COVID-19 health protocols, while education level (p = 1.000) was not significantly associated with the implementation. The R-square shows 0.610 which indicates that TPB model can predict 61% of implementation of COVID-19 health protocols. Conclusions: The most dominant factor in increasing the implementation of the COVID-19 health protocol is attitude toward behavior. Nurse need to provide education to elderly and their family to increase the implementation of COVID-19 health protocols as prevention of transmission of COVID-19. Keywords: attitude; COVID-19; elderly; perceived behavioral control; subjective norm; theory of planned behavior|
|Appears in Collections:||3. Jurnal Ners|
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