Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/4763
Title: A Cross-Sectional Study on Bullying and Psychological Disturbances among Malaysian School Children
Authors: Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad
Aina Mocktar, Nurfatin
Nabeel Ibrahim, Wisam
Said Nurumal, Mohd
Kamil Che Hasan, Muhammad
Keywords: bullying
cross-sectional study
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: A Cross-Sectional Study on Bullying and Psychological Disturbances among Malaysian School Children Muhammad Lokman Md Isa , Mohd Said Nurumal 1 , Nurfatin Aina Mocktar 2 , Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim 3,4 1 , Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan 1* 1 Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia 2 National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur 50400, Malaysia 3 Department of Biomedical Science, College of Health Sciences, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar 4 Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research Unit, Qatar University Health, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar Abs tra c t Background: Bullying is a common violence in school and has become a major public health and global concern. Bullying influences mental health and is identified as a leading factor of depression. Therefore, this study aimed to identify bullying prevalence and its association toward psychological disturbances (stress, anxiety, and depression). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three secondary schools in Kuantan. After obtaining consent from parents/guardians, participants were asked to answer a self-administered questionnaire, including School Climate Bullying Survey, Depression Anxiety Stress Questionnaire-21, Patient Depression Questionnaire, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Demographic data were self-reported. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, and chi-square and correlation tests were conducted for variables. Results: A total of 207 students were included in this study. Of respondents, 50.7% were boys and 49.3% girls, and the majority (92.8%) were Malays. Of students, 63.2% were involved in bullying problems through the school years, with verbal bullying as the highest (55.1%). Bullying is significantly associated with stress (p = 0.045), anxiety (p = 0.018), and depression (p = 0.012). Conclusions: School children in Kuantan continue to be involved in bullying. The current study supported that involvement with any bullying activity was associated with psychological disturbances including anxiety, stress, and depression. K e ywo rds : bullying, child, cross-sectional study, Malaysia, psychology
URI: http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/4763
Appears in Collections:VOL 25 NO 1 2021

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